(I-BusinessNews.Com, September 14, 2021 ) De-Ionization Market size is forecast to reach $2.3 billion by 2026, after growing at a CAGR of 5.4% during 2021-2026. Deionization is the process by which both positively charged and negatively charged ions are removed from the water, these ions are contaminants and corrosive to metals. Growing health awareness, growing water consumption coupled with population growth, and developing urbanizations are driving the De-Ionization market growth over the forecast period. Furthermore, de-ionization is used for water treatment through Electrodialysis (ED), hydrogen ions exchange, and Reverse Osmosis process along with treat leachate from municipal solid waste landfills. Whereas, the growing consumption of paper-based products further drives the paper and pulp industry growth, which is likely to propel the Deionization market share globally. As De-ionization is an excellent solution for high purity water needs in paper and pulp industries.
Emergence of the COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to unfold every day with a severe impact on people, communities, and businesses. The De-Ionization market has not been impacted by the pandemic to that extent as other markets have. This is mainly due to the running of operation in the Pharma industry, one of the primary users of treated water. As during lockdown Pharma industry were treated under essential industry. Due to which the Pharma industry was running in full production and the demand for life-saving and generic drugs surged during the same period to fight the pandemic.
De-Ionization Market Segment Analysis - By Type
Dual Bed Deionizer segment held the largest share of more than 30.1% in the de-ionization market in 2020. In the dual bed deionizer type, the cationic resin and the anionic resin are in different containers, and water is passed within the cationic container, where the cations in the water are exchanged with the hydrogen ions from the resin. A dual bed system is typically used when greater amounts of water are needed. These types of DI’s are mostly used in the manufacturing process of Electrodeposition (ED), textiles, chemicals, and cosmetics, where a large amount of water is used. These systems contain high capacity, strong-acid cation exchange resin in hydrogen-form, and DI water conductivity monitor with digital display. In the paper & pulp industry, a huge amount of treated water is required for steam production, pulp preparation, and paper manufacturing. According to PG Paper, a private company report in 2018, the global production for paper is expected to be 490 million tonnes by 2020.
De-Ionization Market Segment Analysis - By Process
Electro Membrane segment held the largest share of more than 25% in the DI market in 2020. The demand for this DI process is growing across various industry verticals due to, the Electro Membrane provides highly efficient separation of substances without phase transitions, easy automation, low demands for space, and low power consumption, which further drives the market growth. Electro Membrane is an important group of separation methods, used for the removal of charged components from solutions for producing potable water from brackish water. These processes are used in such areas as energy production, food processing, personal care products, healthcare, biomolecules separation, sensors, organic separation, and industrial effluent treatment. Thus, due to the various advantages of electro membrane and its wide applications are further driving the growth of the de-ionization market.
De-Ionization Market Segment Analysis - By Application
Process Water segment is projected to grow with a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period. Processed water is used in a variety of manufacturing processes, including boiler make-up water, cooling tower make-up water, coating & plating, rinsing & spraying, washing, and others. Moreover, the growing uses of the Electrodialysis (ED) or Reverse Osmosis process for treatment of the processed water in dairy industries for disinfecting equipment & vats, for cleaning floors, reconstituted milk, and for boilers & cooling further contribute to the market growth. Processed water is also used in the oil & gas industry, steel mills, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnical industries. As industrial water often contains dissolved minerals that can cause streaking, fouling, spotting, and adherence interference, which affects product quality and manufacturing costs.
De-Ionization Market Segment Analysis - By End-Use Industry
Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals segment is projected to grow with a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period. Water is an important ingredient in chemical manufacturing. Therefore, a continuous and high-quality water supply is needed for a range of purposes including production, material processing, and cooling. The DI water treatment system provides disinfection, coarse, heating, cooling, and fine filtration. The pharma industry mainly uses ultra-pure water in the manufacturing process. The ultra-pure water is produced through membrane filtration or ion exchange. As per the Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) in 2020, India’s domestic pharmaceutical market turnover reached Rs 1.4 lakh crore (around $ 20.03 billion) in 2019, which was an increase of 9.8% from Rs 1.29 lakh crore (around $ 18.12 billion) in 2018. The growth in the pharma industry will further boost the market growth in the forecasted period.
De-Ionization Market Segment Analysis - By Geography
Asia-Pacific held the largest share of more than 40% in the De-Ionization market in 2020 followed by North America and Europe. China, India, and Japan are the major contributors to the growth of the De-Ionization market in the APAC region. The factors driving the market's growth in the APAC region are the presence of a large consumer base and developing agriculture, food & beverages, and the electronic industry. For instance, in the electronic industry, most of the water is used for washing silicon wafers after each, elementary component, and circuit installation operation. The electronics sector accounts for 20% to 50% of the total value of exports in most countries in Asia. As per the Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) report in 2020, electronics manufacturing in India is expected to increase at an annual rate of 30% between 2020-25 and value Rs 11.5 lakh crore (around $ 163.14 billion) during this period. This growth will further boost the demand for the de-ionization market.
Rapid Industrialization in Emerging Economies is Boosting the Market Growth
Water is widely used across various industry verticals, whether it is raw water, process water, or wastewater. Mostly, water must be treated before entering the process to ensure its quality and properties in order to meet the specifications demanded by the industrial process. In addition, with the industrial water discharge regulations and policies, there is a high demand for solutions for recycling and reuse of wastewater produced. De-Ionization provides solutions for water and wastewater treatment for industrial use, such as scale & corrosion control, microbiology control, condensate treatment, and boiler feedwater treatment. The growing adoption of Electrodialysis (ED), or Reverse Osmosis process for water purification is also driving the market growth. Whereas, the rapid industrialization in emerging economies, such as India, China, Brazil, and the Philippines are driving the market's growth. According Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) report, the manufacturing sector in India grew at a CAGR of 5% from 2016-2020 and the manufacturing sector is expected to reach US$ 1 trillion by 2025. Moreover, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China, China’s industrial output is expected to grow around 5.6% in 2019 and according to China’s industrial policy “Made in China 2025”, aims at boosting industrial production and making the country a manufacturing superpower. Which will further boost the demand for processed water and in turn propel the de-ionization market.
Middle East Region is Driving the Market
Middle-East is one of the driest regions. The region is also experiencing rapid growth in population. For these reasons and others such as poor water management, water is becoming increasingly scarce in the region. With the advancement in water treatment technologies, seawater has become an interesting source of water to cope with the freshwater shortage. Reverse osmosis (RO) and Nanofiltration (NF) are currently the leading seawater desalination solutions. The advances in key equipment such as membranes and pumps have turned the process energy efficient, resulting in a low investment cost and low operational cost. Saudi Arabia is the biggest producer of desalinated water where more than 70% of its water needs are satisfied by desalination, which will drive the market's growth.
De-Ionization Market Challenges
Over All Costly Operation, Scaling Issue, and Availability of Alternative Process
The major challenge for the de-ionization market is the cost, both operational and capital costs. For example, a Capacitive Deionization (CDI) is capable of treating 1000 liters/hrs with a cost of $10,000, such a high cost is due to low manufacturing volumes of the components. Another factor deterring the market is the scaling issue, mostly all water contains calcium ions. During the operation, the negative electrode electros orbs positive ions indiscriminately including calcium ions. When the unit is discharged, a build-up of calcium compounds can form when a high concentration of calcium is released and CDI unit cleaning is a major technical challenge. Furthermore, the availability of alternatives processes like Chlorination, Iodine Water Purification, Coagulation-Flocculation, Water Fluoridation, Distillation, and others, which is also hindering the market growth. As distillation is one of the oldest methods of water purification. Water is boiled until it has evaporated, turning it into steam. Then this steam is collected in a sterile container, where it condenses and becomes water again. Distillation process has better economies of scale, it has very well-established technology with a competitive supply of equipment and uses low temperature & has a low energy cost.
De-Ionization Market Landscape
Technology launches, acquisitions and R&D activities are key strategies adopted by players in the De-Ionization Market. Major players in the De-Ionization Market are PowerTech Water, Current Water Technologies Inc., Atlantis Technologies, Lenntech, Pure Aqua Inc., WET USA Inc., Nancrede Engineering Co, Inc., Vuronyx Technologies Inc., Vesitech Inc., Evoqua Water Technologies LLC, and others.
In September 2020, Evoqua Water Technologies, an industry leader in mission-critical water treatment solutions acquired the privately held Aquapure Technologies of Cincinnati, a Hamilton, Ohio based water service and Equipment Company. With this acquisition Evoqua Water Technologies further strengthen their service capabilities in Cincinnati, Ohio, and the surrounding region, which will further drive the market's growth.
Key Take away
North America region is projected to witness significant growth due to the growing demand for De-Ionization systems from the electronics and pharmaceutical industry. Whereas, the US holds the largest share in the region throughout the forecast period.
De-ionization is the convenient and cost-effective water filtration process for producing highly purified water that is generally similar to distilled water. Thus, surging demand for the process that supplies large amounts of highly purified water as needed with less energy-intensive, and more cost-effective drives the demand of DI market.
Growing small and medium scale drinking water production across towns & villages, construction & military camps, nitrate reduction, hotels & hospitals also propel the demand for Electrodialysis (ED), hydrogen ions exchange, and Reverse Osmosis process
Plants treating brackish water can pollute rivers, aquifers, and soil, which can deter the markets growth.
COVID-19 has hindered the market growth due to the en-use industry growth growing at a low rate.
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